MariaDB vs PostgreSQL: Which one is better?

Product MariaDB PostgreSQL
Description MariaDB is developed as open-source software and as a relational database, it provides an SQL interface for accessing data. The latest versions of MariaDB also include GIS and JSON features. There is also a good Wikipedia article about MariaDB and MySQL history. It is a highly stable database management system, backed by more than 20 years of community development which has contributed to its prominent levels of resilience, integrity, and correctness. PostgreSQL is used as the primary data store or data warehouse for many web, mobile, geospatial, and analytics applications.
Gitnux Rating Top-Notch Top-Notch
Pricing Model User-Based Pricing User-Based Pricing
Pricing Rates Community Server, Enterprise, and SKYSQL Test instance, universally available production database, and Higher performance, universally available production database
Could be better MariaDB is liable to bloating. Its central IDX log file tends to become exceptionally large after protracted use, slowing performance. Caching is another area where MariaDB could use work—it is not as fast as it could be, which can be frustrating. Despite all the initial promises, MariaDB is no longer completely compatible with MySQL. If you are migrating from MySQL, you will have some re-coding to do. PostgreSQL’s efficiency with large datasets is well known, but there are quicker tools available for smaller databases. While its community support is particularly good, PostgreSQL’s core documentation could be improved. If you are used to advanced tools like parallelization and clustering, be aware that these require third-party plugins in PostgreSQL. There are plans to gradually add these features to the main release, but it will be a few years before they are offered as standard.
Key features It is fast, scalable, and robust. It has a rich ecosystem of plugins, storage engines, etc. which makes it very versatile for a wide variety of use cases. It is licensed under GPL, LGPL, or BSD. It uses a standard and popular querying language. It runs on different operating systems and supports a variety of programming languages. It also offers support for PHP and Galera cluster technology. It supports international character sets, multi-byte character encodings, and Unicode, and it is locale-aware for sorting, case-sensitivity, and formatting. PostgreSQL is highly scalable both in the quantity of data it can manage and in the number of concurrent users it can accommodate.
Support The MariaDB software runs on Windows, Linux, and macOS operating systems; it’s available on Intel and IBM Power8 hardware platforms and runs as a service on several cloud platforms. Supported programming languages include C++, C#, Java, Python, and others. PostgreSQL is ACID compliant, and has full support for foreign keys, joins, views, triggers, and stored procedures, in many different languages. It includes most SQL:2008 data types, including INTEGER, NUMERIC, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, DATE, INTERVAL, and TIMESTAMP.
Extended Review
Best for 1000+ users. MariaDB is the backbone of services relied upon by businesses and people every day. 75% of the Fortune 500 run MariaDB. 1-1000+ users. All industries, all sectors, all countries

What is MariaDB and who is it for?

Mariadb is an open source relational database management system (RDBMS) that is based on the popular MySQL. It was created as a drop-in replacement for MySQL, and it offers many of the same features while providing improved performance, scalability, and reliability. Mariadb also supports data storage in multiple languages including English, French, German and Spanish.


MariaDB is an open source database management system that offers a wide range of features, including but not limited to:
– ACID compliance for data integrity and reliability.
– Cross platform support with Windows, Linux, Mac OS X and FreeBSD.
– Support for multiple storage engines such as MyISAM, InnoDB, Aria and TokuDB.
– Advanced security features like authentication plugins (LDAP/PAM) and encryption at rest.
– Comprehensive SQL syntax support along with stored procedures & triggers in the procedural language PL/SQL or JavaScript Object Notation (JSON).
– Robust replication capabilities allowing master to master or master to slave configurations over any network connection using asynchronous replication protocols such as Global Transaction Identifiers (GTIDs), Multi Source Replication (MSR) or Statement Based Replication(SBR).

MariaDB is a relational database management system (RDBMS) designed for enterprise use. It is an open source software and can be used by anyone, including individuals, businesses, organizations and government agencies.

What is PostgreSQL and who is it for?

PostgreSQL is an open-source, object-relational database system. It has a strong reputation for reliability and data integrity, as well as being highly extensible with custom functions and data types. PostgreSQL can be used to store large amounts of structured or unstructured data in a secure manner.


PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source object-relational database system with over 30 years of active development that has earned it a strong reputation for reliability, feature robustness, and performance. Some of the features offered by Postgresql include:

1. Multi Version Concurrency Control (MVCC): This allows multiple versions of data to be stored in the same table at once without interfering with each other. It also enables concurrent access to the same data from different users or applications while ensuring transaction isolation and consistency.
2. Advanced Query Optimizer: The query optimizer helps improve query performance by analyzing queries before they are executed and selecting an optimal execution plan based on statistics about tables and indexes in your database as well as information about past executions of similar queries.
3. Replication & High Availability Support: PostgreSQL supports both synchronous replication for high availability scenarios as well as asynchronous streaming replication which can be used for scaling out read operations across multiple servers or geographic locations .
4. Security Features :Postgresql provides several security measures such as authentication methods , row level security , encryption at rest etc., to protect user’s sensitive data from unauthorized access .
5. Procedural Languages

PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source object-relational database system. It is designed for mission-critical applications and has been used by many organizations around the world. Postgresql can be used by developers, data scientists, DBAs (database administrators), and anyone else who needs to store or manage data in an efficient manner.

What are the benefits & downsides of MariaDB and what say users about it?

Benefits of MariaDB include:
– Open source and free to use.
– Easy to install, configure, and maintain.
– High performance with low resource usage.
– Robust security features such as encryption at rest and authentication plugins for secure user access control.
– Compatible with popular programming languages like PHP, Python, Java etc., making it easy to integrate into existing applications or build new ones from scratch quickly.

Downsides of MariaDB include:
– Limited support compared to other database management systems (MySQL). – Lack of enterprise features such as clustering or replication which are available in more expensive solutions like Oracle Database or Microsoft SQL Server

Users generally have positive reviews about MariaDB. Many users report that it is easy to set up and use, with a wide range of features for database management. It also has good performance, scalability, and reliability compared to other open source databases like MySQL. Additionally, many people appreciate the fact that it is free and open source software which makes customization easier than proprietary solutions.

What are the benefits & downsides of PostgreSQL and what say users about it?

Benefits of Postgresql:
1. Open source software, with a large and active community for support.
2. Highly extensible – allows users to create custom functions using procedural languages like PL/pgSQL or C language.
3. Advanced features such as Multi-Version Concurrency Control (MVCC), point in time recovery, table partitioning etc., make it suitable for enterprise applications that require high performance and reliability even under heavy workloads.
4. Supports many different data types including JSONB which makes it ideal for modern web application development where the need to store complex data structures is common place .

Downsides of Postgresql:
1) It can be difficult to set up initially due to its complexity compared with other database solutions such as MySQL or SQLite .
2) Its query optimizer may not always choose the most efficient execution plan when dealing with complex queries involving multiple joins or subqueries resulting in slower than expected performance on certain operations .
3) Does not have built-in replication capabilities so if you need this feature then an additional plugin must be used .

Users generally have a positive opinion of Postgresql. Many users praise its ease-of-use, scalability and reliability. They also appreciate the wide range of features it offers such as full text search, replication and clustering capabilities. Additionally, many users report that setting up Postgresql is relatively straightforward compared to other database systems.

What are the differences between MariaDB and PostgreSQL and in which case should you use either of them?

The main differences between Mariadb and Postgresql are as follows:
1. MariaDB is a fork of MySQL, while PostgreSQL is an independent database system.
2. MariaDB uses the MyISAM storage engine by default, while PostgreSQL uses its own custom-built storage engine called POSTGRESQL Storage Engine (PSE).
3. MariaDB supports more data types than PostgreSQL does, including JSON and BLOBs (binary large objects).
4. In terms of scalability, both databases offer excellent scaling options but in different ways – with MariaDB you can scale up using replication or sharding techniques whereas with PostgreSQL you can use horizontal partitioning to achieve better scalability performance for larger datasets.
5. When it comes to security features such as authentication methods and encryption support; both databases provide robust solutions however they differ slightly in their implementation details – for example; Mariadb offers stronger password hashing algorithms compared to that offered by postgresql which only provides MD5 based hashes at present time .

Mariadb is generally preferred over Postgresql when it comes to cost, scalability and performance. It also has a more user-friendly interface than Postgresql, making it easier for users with less technical knowledge to use the software. Additionally, Mariadb offers better integration with other open source databases such as MySQL and MongoDB.

Postgresql is generally considered to be more robust and feature-rich than Mariadb, so it should be chosen when a high level of data integrity, scalability or performance is needed. Additionally, if you need advanced features such as stored procedures or triggers then Postgresql would likely be the better choice.

Feature Overview MariaDB vs. PostgreSQL

Features (7)MariaDBPostgreSQL
Access Controls/PermissionsYesYes
Backup and RecoveryYesYes
Data MigrationNoYes
Data ReplicationYesYes
Database ConversionNoYes
Multiple Programming Languages SupportedYesYes
Performance AnalysisYesYes

Description of features

Access Controls/Permissions. SQL access control is based on privileges assigned to authorization identifiers to access objects. The creator of an object in a database is its owner and can perform any action on the object. By default, no other user can access the object unless the owner grants specific privileges to that user.

Backup and Recovery. Backup and recovery describe the process of creating and storing copies of data that can be used to protect organizations against data loss. This is sometimes referred to as operational recovery.

Data Migration. Database migration in Microsoft SQL Server involves moving data to or from a SQL server. The circumstances that require users to either move or restore databases may include Making a move to a new server. Transferring to a different instance of SQL.

Data Replication. What is SQL Server Database Replication? SQL Server database replication refers to a set of technologies that copy and distribute data and objects from one database to another and maintain consistency and integrity between these databases through synchronization.

Multiple Programming Languages Supported. Both MySQL and SQL Server support multiple programming languages. Both RDBMS support Java, PHP, C++, Python, Ruby, Visual Basic, Delphi, Go, and R. But MySQL additionally supports programming languages like Perl, Scheme, Tcl, Haske,l and Eiffel.

NOSQL. NoSQL databases (aka “not only SQL”) are non-tabular databases and store data differently than relational tables. NoSQL databases come in a variety of types based on their data model. The main types are document, key-value, wide-column, and graph.

Performance Analysis. Software performance analysis looks at how a specific program is performing daily and chronicles what slows down performance and causes errors now and what could pose a problem in the fuin.

Relational. Relational operators compare numeric, character string, or logical data. The result of the comparison, either true (1) or false (0), can be used to decide program flow (see the IF statement).


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